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Issue 13: Does Facebook Have Generally Positive Psychological Effects?

Points

It has positive results as it enhances self-esteem of individuals due to self-presentation.

Some psychologists view the use of social media such as Facebook aid in self-expression and management of relationships because people find it easier to communicate on such platforms.

the use of social media such as Facebook accrued many benefits to the users because it enhances intimacy as people enjoy privacy in the communication.

Psychologists view Facebook as having positive effects as it decrease loneliness and depression as the user is able to interact with numerous people and form relationships leaving little room for depression (Slife, 254).

Self exposure enhances social skills, thus an individual is able to communicate in the same way in future relationships

Facebook is full of vital information, which might be beneficial to health, business or career choices for users of Facebook (Slife, 284).

Counterpoints

On the other hand, psychologists view Facebook as a cause of loneliness and depression because social platforms like facebook offer a platform for cyber bullying and other forms or harassment.

People who use social platforms such as facebook face risk of immoral sexual content via cyber sexual contents.

Use of Facebook leads to lower self esteem because people have and ideal self who is portrayed by the facebook profiles which is usually different from the

The author argues that adolescents do not have self-regulation as they are not mature hence they are vulnerable to inappropriate advertisements which might influence their decision at present and in future times (Slife, 274).

The author also views adolescents as vulnerable to self-exposure by providing even minute details about themselves to please others leaving themselves at risk f manipulation or abuse.

. Young children or people are exposed to inappropriate ways of conducting themselves, which influences how they act in future.

Issue 14: Are All Psychotherapies Equally Effective

Points

All types of therapies have their unique strong points

Different types of therapies use different approaches hence their effective varies from one type to another hence each type accrues different benefits from its use.

Techniques among different methods of psychotherapy ensure the delivery of varying results from treatment.

Treatment using various techniques is usually does not have effects on a patient but the effects of various treatments used are evidenced by the presence of common factors.

The meta-analyses in the chapter show little variations in the different treatments, only the approaches can be called as different (Slife, 281).

Treatment should not use one type of psychotherapy option but should include more approaches to increase the rate of success of treatment.

Counterpoints

Various methods using varying techniques ensure the achievement of different results because they use different techniques as they meet the symptoms differently.

The use of various techniques in treatment by psychologists ensures the achievement of varying results among the different methods applied in treatment of a specific ailment or behavior.

The results indicate that no actual approach of treatment can be applied in treatment of all ailments because the ailments differ in complexity and factors, which lead to such ailments.

The use of meta-analyses emphasizes the use of various factors, which results in better treatment than the use of single approaches of treatment.

Good and effective techniques should be preferred over other ineffective ones because they result in positive results after use in the treatment of their patients.

Concrete evidence shows that some techniques have positive effects in comparison to common factors depicted by the patient.

The use of internet-based communication has had both positive and negative effects on communication as well as psychological aspects of individuals’ lives. Platforms such as facebook have had negative as well as positive effects of people’s lives and transformed the face of communication. Facebook is one of the largest online social platforms around the world. It has enabled people from various regions to communicate on an open level and share issues, which affect them either on an individual basis or on a public level. Facebook has helped users to communicate freely without fear or shame. People are able to share with others both strangers and friends about issues affecting their lives. This has enabled people who use facebook to cultivate a high level of openness about issues affecting them. However, such openness has a downside as it provides people with manipulative intentions to take advantage of people exercising such high levels of openness.

Facebook also has enabled people in online relationships to cultivate intimacy. Despite the presence of intimacy in relations, such relationships are usually formed by people on their ideal selves. Hence, they are not factual or real information about these people in these relationships. The presence of intimacy also makes people prone to manipulation or harassed sexually by people who have intimate details of them. The use of facebook also accrues increase in self-esteem of individuals in social platforms such as facebook because it enables these people to have a general sense of self-importance after the process of creating friends (Slife, 280).

Various forms of psychotherapies have different results for the sick person in question. Psychotherapy does not guarantee total treatment of mental illnesses or behavior but acts as form of deterrence to the extreme of certain unstable mental behavior. The research entailed in the chapter indicates lack of superiority in any method or approach in treatment of all ailments. This is because all methods applied in the research indicate the presence of various factors, which characterize the different ailments. Hence, it can be concluded that no method is better than the other is as they all influenced by the different circumstances, which led to the specific ailment or behavior. Effective techniques are likely to positively impact the treatment outcomes and therapy relationships between those involved in treatment (Slife, 284). Hence, good technique should be identified before commencement of treatment in relation to the specific type of ailment depicted by the patient to ensure maximum benefits and effects for the patient. There is need for more study on the techniques, which are usually present in various treatments to establish the necessary changes needed on these techniques to make them better and improve their outcomes. Thus, there is no conclusive evidence that a specific approach can be used in treatment of majority of the mental ailments depicted by individuals because factors for treatment vary from one ailment to another.

Work cited

Slife, B. D. (2012). Taking sides: Clashing views on psychological issues. New York: McGraw-Hill.

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Do online relationships hurt adolescent relationships?

Point

•The internet has been a source of degradation to the adolescents’ psychological wellbeing because of the exposure to immoral acts.

• Young people spend too much time on the internet such that they give higher preference to online relationships than they do give to real relationships.

• Gender is a critical aspect in online relationships because female adolescents tend to have more friends both on the internet and in real life while male adolescents tend to give more attention to relationships in the offline mode than they give to real life relationships.

• Adolescents who spend majority of their time on the internet tend to have lower esteem because they do not know how to communicate with people from a real aspect of life.

• Real life communication and online communication are two different aspects of communication such that they tend to integrate the online communication skills into a real world, which is entirely different (Psychology ISSUE 8, 133).

Counterpoint

• Online relationships enhance offline relationships because low esteemed adolescents are able to acquire communications kills from such online relationships, which they can apply into the real world.

• Online relationships enable the teens to meet different types of people with varied behavior, which gives them a first hand account of how things or communications is done on a face to face basis.

• A specific activity done online influences the effect of the internet because if a teen is involved in immoral activities the result will be immoral behavior, which he or she will apply in the real world. However if it is appositive activity then it will result in positive behavior applied in the real world.

• Internet cultivates intimate disclosure and trust because an adolescent discloses personal things because of security created by lack of physical presence on the benefit of privacy provided by the internet.

• Online relationships increase the self-esteem of adolescents as the individual creates more friends on the internet, which gives him or her courage to pursue offline relationships.

• Online relationships success give the individual the courage to pursue the same success in offline relationships as the individual has adequate self-esteem from the online relationships. (Psychology ISSUE 8, 133).

Social aspect of an adolescent’s life determines the psychological wellbeing of an individual. People are made to coexist with others thus when the social life aspect of an individual more so an adolescent influences how he develops in the preceding years of his or her life. In addition, the relationships in part determine the successes in an individual’s life because of self-esteem, which influences personal judgment and decision making abilities.

Online relationships hurt the psychological development of adolescents. The ability to make friends or the inability to make friends influences in the real world influences the decisions made by an individual and their reaction to the outcomes of such decisions. The internet is full of different people most of whom are pretentious about their identities because they want to use others for their own selfish gains. Thus when an adolescent individual makes the choice of getting involved in internet relationships, they risk being involved in frauds or having relationships of all sorts with people with false identities. The presence of such people with false identities creates a fictional world because they lack the true aspects of their lives and dwell on false information to attract potential prey. In addition, the fake identity does not represent a true picture of an individual in a real world (Psychology ISSUE 8, 135).

Hence, adolescents base their offline relationships with identities that are not real. However online relationships help adolescents open up to having relationships with people in a real world by the setting provided for by online relationships. Online relationships foster psychological development by instilling knowledge about how people behave in certain circumstances. Psychologically, adolescents who have online relationships are able to explore the possibilities of meeting and interacting with new and diverse people who exhibit unique character traits. Thus when an adolescent individual has an offline they are able to put into use their experiences from the internet in dealing with various types of people exhibiting similar traits as from the online relationships(Psychology ISSUE 8, 138). . Moreover, the online relationships develop the self-esteem of an individual because an adolescent might have more online friends than the offline friends. Hence, the online friends are able to influence how an individual relates and carries himself in a real social setting.

Gender is another aspect that influences the success of an online relationship because of the current social and societal trends on judging people by their gender. Despite both genders, male and female, spending equal time on the internet female internet users have greater friends with whom they communicate on an offline mode. Whereas male users have tendency to use computers for entertainment purposes which results in more time spent online chatting with friends. This affects their offline relationships. Research shows that male adolescents spend more time online for entertainment purposes such that they have ample time to forge online relationships with people online. However female adolescents have more friends online that their male counterparts because on the internet most of the users are in search of sexual favors or prey for female victims hence the higher number of female users who are exposed to sexual abuse, violence and other forms of abuse. Female adolescents become susceptible to emotional trauma because at times they are open and trust those that they meet who might be under false pretences to Male adolescents showed that they have a high regard for their face-to-face relationships in comparison with girls who view such relationships as identical to online relationships(Psychology ISSUE 8, 141).

The online relationships affect the social and emotional development of individual adolescents. This is where adolescents are able to foster relationships with new people. Thus when an individual adolescent strikes up a conversation online with a new person they are enhancing their social skills such that they can be able to converse with people in an offline mode. However, an adolescent might be exposed to internet abuse in the internet, which might result in emotional trauma. Thus such an individual detest from having relationships with people even on an offline or face to face setting as a measure to avoid identical emotional trauma caused by relationships with people. Moreover, such an aspect determines how such individuals relate with people for the rest of their lives. They avoid the presence of people and opt for isolation because they do not trust people on whatever level, which results in loneliness or shattered self-esteem. Shattered self-esteem means that these individuals eventually become isolated from society and show signs of hostility when among people because they do not have the requisite social skills to deal with people (Psychology ISSUE 8, 145).

The online relationships affect how adolescents relate in the real or offline mode. Some relationships in the online mode are based on fictional perceptions about other people. In addition, how people relate on an online platform differs in entirety from an offline or real social settings. On an online platform, people depict themselves as fictional characters to make more friends or become attractive to other people. An online mode of communication features open communication or at times hidden communication. Thus, an adolescent in an offline mode may choose to hide his real identity because his initial communication was via the internet such that he bases his on character on a fictitious character. This is a clear illustration of the effects of the internet. Moreover, an individual might have learnt from the internet to base his relationships on openness and truth. His actual relationships on an offline mode might be identical to those that he had online (Psychology ISSUE 8, 148).

In conclusion, the internet has had irreversible psychological effects on both male and female adolescents. It affects they way they relate in the real world, which in entirety is different from a real social setting. Some show signs of hostility and others are receptive of advances from other people. This can be all attributed to the growth or demoralization of self-esteem because of experiences with online relationships. Thus, an individual relationship in adolescents online determines how an individual will relate with others in the real world. Societal and peer perceptions of online relationships determines or dictates the decision by adolescents to have online relationships. Such relationships rte used to gauge social status of an adolescent among his peers, whereas adolescents with friends on an offline mode are judged differently among their peers in comparison with those who have friends on an offline mode who are regarded of highly among their peers.

Work cited

Psychology ISSUE 8: Do online relationships hurt adolescent relationships? 134-152

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