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Verbal and Nonverbal Coding

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Verbal and Nonverbal Coding

A smile is a universal nonverbal form of communication. This is because nonverbal communication involves facial expressions and gestures form. This is done in a way that an individual voluntarily or involuntarily manifest his or desires. A smile reveals the way a person physically communicates through a powerful indicator of how he or she feels. A smile is a form of body language that reveals that someone is happy. A smile is one way of revealing emotional health and it is one way of managing stress. For instance, during the wedding, the bride and bridegroom were smiling. In this case, the smile can be interpreted to reveal their happiness thus a form of non-verbal communication.

As an international student, I have learned to synchronize my nonverbal behaviors through using various ways. First, I synchronize with my friends through using nonverbal behaviors such as coordinating my movements with others. This is using face-to-face encounters when conversing with friends. Lustig and Koester (2003) argue that through nonverbal behaviors, people coordinate with others in different ways such as facial expressions, eye contacts or making gestures. Secondly, I have learned to synchronize with others in speech thus facilitating the learning of language. Moreover, my speech synchronization occurs within a mere fraction of a second thus a basic skill that facilitates the preliminary acquisition and language development. Synchrony facilitates interpersonal communication through allowing the smooth nonverbal communication (Lustig and Koester (2003).

Define

(Two or more sentences)

Examples

(one American culture example and one international culture example)

(1) Phonology

(rules for word sounds)

Phonology is the study of sound organization. It analyzes speech production of human being regardless of language.For Instance, there are some word that have similar sounds in both American and International language. In American culture, word such as ‘Wine’ is similar to ‘Waina’, which is the Hawaiian language.(2) Morphology

(units of meaning in a word)

Morphology is the identification or an analysis of language structure. It is a method of classifying languages.For instance, the word ‘chukchil’ is a Chinese word, which is composed of varied morphemes. In American culture, speakers have rules of words, which they infer instinctively such as dish is to dishwasher.(3) Semantics

(distinct meaning of words)

Semantics is the study of meaning expressed through language. It focuses on the way meanings change overtime.For instance, the word German Hamburg evolved from the word Hamburger meaning a person, place or a kind of sausage. In the American culture, hamburger means a slice of sausage made from pig-meat.(4) Syntactics

(relationship of words to each other)

Syntactics is the relationships of words to each other. It helps the reader to decode and comprehend the text.For instance, ‘once upon a time’ is used in comprehending the text in both cultures.(5) Pragmatics

(effect on human perception)

Pragmatics refers to the way the context contributes to the meaning. It is the transmission of meaning depending on linguistic knowledge.For instance, addresser corresponds to addressee are used interchangeably in both American and international culture.

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