Human Transformations of nature
The enlightenment view of the natural world is cynic on the church doctrines, experimental methods and a belief in Science, individuality using reason and that education could be a medium of social transformation. It was also about the demand of representation in the political field. The French revolution was its major political and social consequence. On the other hand, the view of nature according to romanticism, accentuated on the ones self, value of art, imagination and creativity. Emmanuel Kant and Jean Jacques Rousseau were the founders of this view in the 18th century.
One of the main similarities of these two views is that they were influential in their eras. Enlightenment transformed the social, religious and political field in that era and romanticism influence the arts field in its era. For example, romanticism was very influential in the music and art fields as portrayed by classical music. The paintings done in this era were quite intriguing and creative.
The relation between the romanticism and enlightenment views of nature is that one was skeptic towards the other. The romantics were skeptical towards the enlightenments because the view limited the free play of creativity and emotions. One evident different between the two is that the enlightenments were conservative and the romantics valued a wild world. This is why the enlightenments insisted on reasoning while the romantics insisted on creativity and free play. The enlightenments were more intellectual and relied upon the scientific and mathematical evidence. The romantics were intrigued by mystery, extremism and emotional intensity.
Enlightenment in the film “Into the Wild
The theme of reason is quite evident in this film. In the film, Christophe McCandless is quite sure that he can control his own fate. He feels that he can survive with no one’s help and using the conservative ways of life. He records an account of all the things that take place in his life until the time of his death. He feels that nature can be controlled and that is the reason why he was surprised when he found out that the stream he had crossed during the winter season had grown wider and deeper thus making it difficult for him to cross. This leaves him hopeless. It makes him realize that nature cannot be predicted and not everything can be reasoned out as he had hoped for. Since he had abandoned the use of technology in order to stay conservative, he had no way of contacting outside help.
The movie proves that enlightenment view of nature was not self-fulfilling. McCandless could not reason out everything and he could not be conservative all the way. Some unexplainable things happen but it does not mean that they are unnatural.
Romanticism in the film “Deliverance”
The theme of free play is evident in this film. The city men decide to take go into the wild through the river in the backwoods of Georgia. They are open to the adventure they come across and they do this without much reasoning. They are also ready to fight for their lives without using much reason even though Ed has some trouble coping with the deaths in their adventure. As they become creative on how they will keep away from the authorities when questioned on Lewis’ injury they prove that one can never be sure of how fate will turn up. They had innocently taken an adventure without anticipating for a negative outcome. Now that they had come across these issues, they had to free play and be creative in order to stay out of trouble.