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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
For sometime, there has been a lot of controversy on the falling standard of academic performance in Nigeria schools.

The school seems to be held wholly responsible because, it is a place to impact academic learning. On the other hand, the school sees the home as the place where academic performance emanates.

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While there has been a general falling or depression in standard of education and the rate at which student fail examinations at the secondary school level in Nigeria. It has been equally observed that there is a wide discrepancy in the academic achievement. Even though the students were tonight by the same teachers in the same environment.

This implies that, different students come from different homes and performs differently in academic work. This is probably because of individual differences such as family background of the parents, environmental influences, genetic background and financial problem against which ability develops.

Therefore, it is generally assumed that children from well educated families are more encourage in learning than children from homes where their parents are not educated or are educated or are half.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The investigator has focused on the study of the effects of
Parental background on child educational development in the secondary schools mostly on English language, this include:
I. Parental attitude on their children
II. Medium of communication in the home.
III. Issue of the dialect.

1.3 PORPOSE OF THE STUDY
The investigation is to find out the effects of parental background on child??™s educational development in some selected schools in Agege local government Area of Lagos State. It will find out whether student from educated homes achieve better than those whose parent are not educated.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
I. Are the performances of student in Agege Local government poor as speculated
II. Is the parent background significantly contributing to their children performance
III. Can the level of the achievement of a student be attributed to the parent

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE TO THE STUDY
As the topic of the project implies, this study will enable the researcher to know the effects of parental background on child??™s educational development. It will be of good help to the educational administrator.

Parent and guardians will also benefit from the study because it will enlighten them and to correct their biases.

1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The greatest limitations came as a result of :
I. RESPONSE ERROR: Some families deliver wrong information about their children to the researcher, this serve as limitation to the researcher, since they could not acquire correct information.
II. INACCESSIBILITY: The researcher was unable to get into some house in the designated area as a result of the tight security in them.
III. A BRIDGE OF COMMUNICATION GAP: Some parents were unable to express themselves since they do not have the opportunity to be trained in western Education. It was difficult to give the researcher thee correct information
IV. FINALLY, The time within the project must be completed also serve as a major limitation to how the investigator could do.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
For the purpose of this study the following words or terms are defined as they have been used in the research work not in general literary definitions.

a) BIASES: To have negative thinking.
b) CONTROVERSY: To disagree or having strong feeling about something.
c) DISCREPANCY: Total failure
d) ENVIRONMENT: Surroundings
e) EMANATE: To originate from a source
f) LIBRARY: A collection of books, record etc that belong to one person or related to one particular subject.
g) MATERIALS: Where we get information, ideas to make the study effective.
h) MEDIA: Means of communication e.g. radio, television, newspaper, the internet and magazines.
i) MOTIVATION: An interest that makes you determined to do something.

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