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At the essence of representation, composers have the tendency to intentionally select and accentuate motifs of history and memory, combined being the aggregate and interpretations of past events, differing in their credibility and uncontrollable bias. The inevitable interdependency that they have on each other is evident through the acts of deliberate emphasis on symbolism and manipulation of media in ???The Queen??™ (2006) directed by Stephen Frears. This is similar to the visual techniques used by Jacob Stengle in his artwork ???Colebrook Home??™ to stress individual perspectives and memories of their past, as well as the way Ted Hughes purposely reiterates the memories he has of his wife and how they piece together to form their history in his poem ???The Shot??™.
Throughout ???The Queen??™, Stephen Frears knowingly highlights numerous perceptions of not only the life of Princess Diana, but also her death in 1997, which had a significant impact on the entire world, and particularly rocked the monarchy. During the film, the stag was deliberately designated to simultaneously represent Princess Diana and Queen Elizabeth II. The stag was significantly selected to symbolize Diana??™s vulnerability and weakness??™ due to the way she was constantly harassed and ???hunted??™ by the paparazzi, which continually occurred right until her death, as well as the commotion caused about the Queen??™s reaction to Diana??™s death. Diana was constantly chased and exposed by the paparazzi and media, and it got to the point where she had no privacy which consequently lead to her death. These memories are the ones the public are left with of Diana due to the constant publication of her civic and private life, manifest in the constant crosscutting of news footage and interviews emphasising Diana??™s constant stalking of the paparazzi. The symbolism used is similar to that used in Jacob Stengle??™s artwork, where the proxemics of particular significant parts of the artwork are purposefully done, in order to establish specific memories. The faded effect of the two young girls mother, indicates the change in the mothers significance in their lives over time. It was purposely used to demonstrate them reminiscing on the past. Due to the girls being apart of the stolen generation, their mother has minimal importance in their life signified in her half faded face. Likewise, Ted Hughes also ruminates, but on the history of the relationship he had with his wife previous to her committing suicide. With all intentions, he uses the repetition of ???God??? throughout the initial stanza to emphasise his wife??™s constant need of someone to idolize, where she was in desperation to find someone she could look up to because her father was far from a role model. This reminiscing stresses the memories that Ted had of Sylvia which formed the history of their relationship.
Alternatively, the manipulation of media and identical symbolism of the stag was used to epitomize the Queen. The stag scene indicates the representation of the Queen where at that moment she could relate to the feelings of the stag. She, similar to the stag, felt ???hunted??™ by the media following Diana??™s death, due to her not reacting the way society expected. Her emotions were kept inside her, and were revealed after the long shot of her in her jeep, symbolizing her isolation. She begins to cry as her back is deliberately turned to the camera, producing a mid-shot of the backside of her body to demonstrate how overwhelming her problems had become as she felt hunted by the media. Furthermore, analogous to ???The Queen??™, Stengle uses premeditated techniques to represent the memories of the two assimilated girls and their movement over time. The shadowing technique of a cross exemplifies the new life of the girls, where they were placed in church based missions. The proxemics of the cross is also significant, as it was deliberately placed on the left side, and closer to girls, proving it belongs to their present, juxtaposed to the faded image of their mother, and the miniature figure of themselves, indicates the closeness they once had to their mother, which is only now a memory in their history together. Correspondingly, Hughes deliberatey selected and emphasised the memories of his wife Sylvia through descriptive and metaphorical language evident in ???Sob-sodden Kleenex??? and ???high velocity bullet???, which piece together to form the history of her mental illness and their troubled marriage. He constantly refers to her as being out of control, metaphorically represented as a bullet ???gold jacketed, solid silver??? using imagery to represent Sylvia as a classy, sophisticated bullet. The descriptive and metaphorical language is used to reiterate the memories Ted Hughes had of his wife.
Each text proves that composers tend to constantly demonstrate deliberate selection and emphasis on particular motifs history and memory at the essence of representation. It was demonstrated that history and memory have an unavoidable interdependency on each other, regardless of the text, which was made evident in ???The Queen??™ through deliberate acts of media manipulation and repetitive symbolism, similar to purposeful visual techniques used in ???Colebrook Home??™ such as proxemics to stress the importance of individual perspectives of those affected by the stolen generation and memories of their past. As well as, Ted Hughes??™ reiteration of the memories of his wife before her committed suicide, through deliberate poetic techniques such as metaphorical representation and descriptive language. Acts of deliberate selection and emphasis were made by Stephen Frears, Jacob Stengle and Ted Hughes.

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